What Are the Symptoms of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that can cause inflammation in the lungs. The symptoms of pneumonia can vary depending on the age and overall health of the individual, as well as the type of pneumonia they have. Here are some common symptoms of pneumonia:

  1. Cough: A persistent cough is a primary symptom of pneumonia. It may produce phlegm that can be green, yellow, or bloody.
  2. Shortness of breath: Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath is often experienced, particularly during physical activity or when lying down.
  3. Chest pain: Chest pain may be present, ranging from mild to severe. It can worsen with deep breaths or coughing.
  4. Fever: A high fever, typically above 100.4°F (38°C), is common in pneumonia cases. However, some individuals, especially older adults or those with weakened immune systems, may have a lower than usual body temperature.
  5. Fatigue: Feeling excessively tired or experiencing a general sense of weakness and fatigue is common with pneumonia.
  6. Sweating and chills: Sweating excessively or having sudden episodes of chills and shaking may occur alongside fever.
  7. Rapid breathing: Breathing may become rapid and shallow due to the body’s attempt to get more oxygen.
  8. Confusion (particularly in older adults): Older adults or individuals with weakened immune systems may experience confusion or changes in mental awareness.
  9. Loss of appetite: Pneumonia can cause a decreased appetite and a resulting weight loss.
  10. Bluish lips or nails: In severe cases, pneumonia can lead to a lack of oxygen in the blood, causing a bluish tint in the lips, fingertips, or nails.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be associated with other respiratory conditions. If you or someone you know is experiencing persistent or severe symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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